The main research objective of our group
is to work out the fundamental principles of controlling physical
properties of solids through nanostructuring (principle of "quantum
design"). Nanoscale modulation and confinement lead to
pronounced quantum effects. In a way, nanostructuring is a very
convenient tool to tune quantum energy levels in a quantum box
by varying the geometry and the size of the box itself.
design" is a challenging objective in modern condensed matter
physics, since it bridges the gap between physics of single atoms
and bulk solids. It deals with such fundamental questions as:
- When does a superconducting or magnetic
state appear for the first time if atoms are added one by one
into a nanograin?
- Is the superconducting and magnetic state
in these nanostructures the same or different from the bulk?
- What is the evolution of the physical
properties as a function of the nanocell size?
- Can the magnetic, electrical and superconducting
properties substantially be improved by optimizing confinement?
The scientific research on nanoscale
superconductivity and magnetism in our group is based on available
modern infrastructure, equipment, qualified and motivated manpower.